What is effective therapeutic care? Research briefDownload PDF
This research briefing is an introduction to therapeutic care as a preferred response for children and young people who have experienced complex trauma and are unable to live at home. Whilst therapeutic care programs have been in existence throughout the United States of America, the United Kingdom, in the Nordic countries and other parts of Europe for many decades, they are a relatively new approach in the out of home care context in Australia. There is little agreement in the literature about what is effective therapeutic care, with strongly held views expressed against and for models of group care (Ainsworth & Hansen, 2018; Hurley, Lambert, Gross, Thompson & Farmer, 2017). What follows is an overview of the emerging research knowledge in this complex arena, messages from young people who have experienced care and a summary of messages from the research.
This briefing covers eight topics:
- Why Therapeutic Care?
- What is Therapeutic Care?
- What Theories are These Approaches Based on?
- What is the Evidence?
- What are Young People telling us?
- What are the Key Features of Therapeutic Care
- Messages from Research Summary: Universal Principles